Norma Rodríguez-Muñoz, N. A., Carlos A. Pérez-Rábago, Fernando Hinojosa-Palafox, Claudio A. Estrada.

Abstract

In the solar central tower systems, receivers that allow the absorption of concentrated sunlight are used to transfer thermal energy into a fluid. In the design of solar thermal receivers, several aspects are to be considered: reliability of the material surface, efficient heat transfer and the reduction of thermal losses. Therefore, volumetric thermal receivers have great potential for the production of thermal energy and have become an attractive option. This study numerically analyzes behavior of temperature and velocity profiles in a volumetric receiver. Temperature and velocity fields in several depths of the receiver are analyzed; this study provides preliminary results useful for a future experimental study. A parametric study of effects such a variation of velocity at the inlet of the receptor and two different boundary conditions are presented.

Transferencia de calor en receptores volumétricos para sistemas de energía solar térmica

Publicado en Memorias de Congresos

E. Anguera, R. Pérez-Enciso, C.A. Pérez-Rábago, Arancibia-Bulnes C.A., C.A. Estrada

Abstract

The  evaluation  of  the  first  prototypes  of  radiative  flux  homogenizers,  for  concentration photovoltaic applications,  were  tested  in  the  High  Flux  Solar Furnace (HoSIER),  at  the Institute  of  Renewable  Energies  at  UNAM. As  a  part  of the  design, homogenizers  were modeled and simulated with distinct geometries for a variable length, through the ray trace software  SOLTRACE.  A  square  were  selected  as  a  transversal  area  of  the  homogenizer, since it presents the best uniformity value in the distribution of radiative flux intensities for a target placed at 1m of distance from the focus. In order to corroborate the computational experiments two hollows homogenizers with square transversal area sand reflective interior walls were  built, one  with  front  surface  mirrors  and  the  other  with  back  surface  mirrors both of 50 cm of length, and they were characterized taking pictures with a CCD camera, by scanning the length.

Diseño y caracterización de prototipos de homogeneizadores de alto flujo radiativo para el HoSIER

Publicado en Memorias de Congresos

Ceballos-Mendivil L.G., Cabanillas-López R.E., Tánori-Córdova J.C., Murrieta-Yescas R., Villafán-Vidales H.I., Estrada C.A.

Abstract

In this work we show the analytical study of radiative heat exchange in a proposed calorimeter to measure the properties of absorptivity and emissivity of materials under high temperatures produced by the highly concentrated solar radiation of the Solar Oven at Renewable Energy Institute of UNAM (HoSIER), that allowed us to detect the need for a modification to the design of the prototype in order to get proper measurements.

Publicado en Memorias de Congresos

Moreno-Álvarez L., Pérez-Rábago C., Pérez-Enciso R., Estrada C.

Abstract

In this work we show the analytical study of radiative heat exchange in a proposed calorimeter to measure the properties of absorptivity  and emissivity of materials under high temperatures produced by the highly concentrated solar radiation of the Solar Oven at Renewable Energy Institute of UNAM (HoSIER), that allowed us to detect the need for a modification to the design of the prototype in order to get proper measurements.

Estudios calorimétricos para la medición de propiedades opto-térmicas en sólidos sujetos a altas temperaturas y altos flujos radiativos

Publicado en Memorias de Congresos

Carlos Pérez-Rábago, Lúar Moreno-Álvarez, Ricardo Pérez-Enciso, Alejandro Bautista-Orozco y Claudio Estrada

Abstract

Experimental results of the campaign to determine a method for measuring the temperature of a surface exposed to the highly concentrated radiation at HoSIERthrough three different conditions: quartz window, PYREX® window and without window are presented in this paper. It seeks to achieve a method for measuring the surface temperature without any thermocouple contact, preventing its overestimation due to the effect of the surface's radiosity itself.This methodology is able to determine a correction factor of the emissivity (FCε) depending on the incident temperature. In addition to determine the temperature difference overestimated due to the component of the radiation reflected by the surface.

Dependencia de la emisividad con la temperatura de una superficie receptora sometida a radiación altamente concentrada

Publicado en Memorias de Congresos

Abstract

A 1 kWth cavity-type solar reactor devoted to the thermal reduction of volatile oxides as part of a two-step thermochemical cycle is analyzed numerically. The thermochemical reactor consists of a vertical-axis cavity-type receiver in which the reactant is injected from the bottom in the form of an ascending rod made of a stack of zinc oxide compressed pellets undergoing thermal dissociation. A transient heat transfer model allows the simulation of the thermal behavior under real conditions for the rod of reacting particles exposed to concentrated solar radiation. The developed numerical model couples radiation, conduction and convection heat transfers to the kinetic of the reaction. The incident solar irradiation on the reactant surface is obtained using the Monte-Carlo ray tracing technique applied first to the solar concentrator and second to the reactor cavity. The model is used to predict the temperature profile from the irradiated front surface of the compressed reactant, the evolution of outlet oxygen molar flow-rate during the reduction reaction and the instantaneous thermochemical efficiency, as a function of time. The calculated results are compared with the experimentally obtained data. The agreement between experimental data and simulation related to both the temperature and the oxygen progress is fairly good with Ea = 380 kJ mol−1 and k0 = 246 × 106 mol m−2 s−1 for the kinetics of the ZnO dissociation reaction.

Transient heat transfer simulation of a 1 kWth moving front solar thermochemical reactor forthermal dissociation of compressed ZnOH

H.I. Villafán-Vidales, S. Abanades, M. Montiel-González, H. Romero-Paredes, C.A. Arancibia-Bulnes, C.A. Estrada, Chemical Engineering Research and Design

Publicado en Publicaciones

Videos HoSIER

Entrevista HoSIER Factor Ciencia Canal Once (14/12/2015)