Victor H. Benitez, Jesús Pacheco-Ramirez, Nun Pitalua-Diaz

Abstract

This paper presents the modeling and control of an array of mini-heliostats developed for a solar central tower plant facility located outside of Hermosillo, Mexico. In order to deal with the real time implementation, an algorithm to significantly reduce the error that emerges in the solar tracking requirements is presented. Heliostats are oriented to reflect solar beam to a central receiver located in top of a tower. The heliostat tracks the apparent sun position with determined periodicity. A digital controller perform the tasks of calculate the control action to drive the actuators. The real time implementation of the control action introduces numerical issues that deviates the solar ray of the desired position. Results show that the proposed control strategy is able to track the solar sun position. The controller is implemented in real time via LabVIEW computational environment and is applied in a solar tower plant facility.

Developing a Mini-heliostat Array for a Solar Central Tower Plant: A Practical Experience

Publicado en Revistas Arbitradas

V. H. Benítez Baltazar, J. H. Pacheco Ramírez, N. Pitalúa Díaz.

Abstract

A comparison was made between six turbulence models and experimental temperature profiles for the turbulent natural convection in a tilted open cubic cavity. The experimental setup consists of a cubic cavity of 1 m by side with one vertical wall receiving a constant and uniform heat flux, whereas the remaining walls are thermally insulated. The thermal fluid is air and the aperture is facing the heated wall. The temperature profiles were obtained at different heights and depths and each one consists of 10 positions inside the cavity. A commercial computational fluid dynamic software was used for the simulation and different turbulence models of k-εt and k-ω families were evaluated against experimental data. The lowest absolute average percentage difference for the experimental and numerical temperature profiles was for the rk-εt model and the highest was for the sk-ω model.

Test of turbulence models for natural convection in an open cubic tilted cavity

Publicado en Revistas Arbitradas

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